Welcome to Mohseni Family Homepage
One of our affections is our attachment to the land we were born and raised,where we took our roots.
The deeper this root,the more generations,and the family tree stronger and more fruitful,our love is deeper.
To the degree that the later generations who have not been born there and in some instances have never even been there,
have a certain pull towards their ancestral land.In some cases they start serching for their roots,because
they hear so much from thier family member and elders.
Our family generation which is in the threshold of old age has become displaced and scattered around the world,not at will
but by circumstances beyond its control.The next generation that has joined us,is not immune eitherand all are attached to
the homeland and specially Arak, the land of our ancestors.
Shah 'Abbas I, was one of Iran's most influential leaders. Combining his ruthless ambition with a desire for stability, he left a far-reaching mark on the society and artistic heritage of Iran, renovating the country's spectacular shrines and transforming its trading relations with the rest of the world. This richly illustrated book brings together an amazing array of treasures that were given to Iran's shrines during Shah 'Abbas's reign. It traces the story of the Safavid dynasty (1501-1722), a period of dynamic religious and political development in Iran. Art and architecture flourished and achieved new heights of beauty and brilliance with the creation of the magnificent shrines at Ardabil, Mashhad and Qum. During this so-called Golden Age of Persian art, Shah 'Abbas renovated these shrines and donated to them priceless works of art including sumptuous carpets, silks, porcelain and albums, many of which are illustrated here in glorious detail. He also created the new capital at Isfahan his crowning artistic achievement where he rebuilt his empire surrounded by an inner circle of great artists and thinkers. From here he encouraged foreigners to come to Iran and welcomed the opportunity to open up trading links with Europe. This fascinating book looks in detail at this turning-point in Iran's history. It investigates the context of Shah Abbass gifts and renovations; it also explores how these shrines functioned in the early seventeenth century and the ways in which practices and beliefs initiated under the Safavids are reflected in the world-famous shrines at Mashhad and Qum of today.
Jebal area is a historical term for the central-western region of Iran, including cities such as Isfahan, Ray, Qazvin, and Kashan. From the 11th to 19th centuries, the name Iraq referred to two neighbouring regions: Arabic Iraq (Iraq-i Arab) and Persian Iraq (Iraq-i Ajam). Arabic Iraq corresponded with ancient Babylonia (now central-southern Iraq), while Persian Iraq corresponded with ancient Media (now central-western Iran). The two regions were separated by the Zagros Mountains.
Later, until the beginning of the 20th century, the term Iraq in Iran was used to refer to a much smaller region south of Saveh and west of Qom. This region was centered by Sultanabad, which was renamed later as Arak.
Before the development of Sultan Abad Aragh,now know as Arak,no city existed in this area. A section of the land was part of Boroujerd, Ghom and Isfahan.
Fatali Gajar King of iran ordered Youssef kahn Gorgi called Sepahdar to build a new city in a neutral location which is now as Arak.it has been said by
some,that this was ultimat location because it bordered between Farahan and Kazzaz ,thus satisfied the desires of both regions.
The new Arak was combined of three villages karahroud ,Senejan and Feijan.
The tomb of Mir Mohammad Ali,the great great grandfather of the Mohseni Family,rests in Takht-e-Seyed.Mir Mohammad Ali was famous for his virtues and well respected
by the people of Karahroud where he resided until his death in 1821 .He was descendant of Seyede -e -Makki, who had traveled from Kermanshah to reside in Karahroud.
As his name Seyede -e -Makki , indicates ,he or his father mirgrated from Hejaz to Keramshah.
When Arak was built, Youssef Khan Gorji decided to move people from nearby regions to help develop the new city. Syed Ahmad Makki one of Seyede -e -Makki sons , who was placed at a neighborhood called Qale(part of Arak city), had a number of children - Mirza Sayed Abolgahsem Iraqi (father Mr Haj Agha Mohsen), Mirza Masoom, Mirza Mohammad Hossein, Agha Morteza, Agha Shafi, Agha Akbar and Agha Javad.
Supervision of Sepahdar school was the responsibility of Syed Ahmad (d. 1260 AH), which was later transferred to Mr. Mirza Abolghasem (d. 1270 AH) and then to Haj Agha Mohsen Araki (d. 1325 AH). At the time of death, Mr. Mirza Abolghasem had 4 sons and 4 daughters one of which was Haj Agha Mohsen Araki
Yusef Khan Gorji was an Iranian military leader of Georgian origin given refuge by the Iranian king (Shah) Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (1742 until 1797) following a territorial dispute with his cousins who were supported by Imperial Russian Empress Catherine the Great. In the period between 1795 and 1797, Yusef Khan-e Gorji, renamed Yusef Khan-e Sepahdar by the Shah, settled his army in the fertile though poorly controlled territory that would become modern Arak. Hostile tribes in this region had operated autonomously from Qajar rule. With the Persian Fath Ali Shahs approval, Yusef Khan diverted the main river to drive out the hostiles and built the Soltan Abad fortress, or Baladeh, a war fortress to serve as the foundation of what would become modern Arak. Yusef Khans organized military force was established in this region aptly named (or more accurately, re-named) "Persian Iraq" (Iraq-e ajam) from ancient times meaning smooth land. According to historians, Yusef Khan built Arak from his own personal income and with the aid of affluents.
This Historical School located in Arak city.
The same is a structure of the Qajar period, and the date of its construction coincides with that of bazaar under the orders of Sepahdar A'zam. This school was converted into the first school of religious sciences in this city. Imam Khomeini and Ayatollah Golpayegani were educated here. The mode of architecture is related to the Safavid era, and comprises of a mosque, water reservoir and other facilities. Its tile-work of the Qajar era is still evident. It has a comparatively large courtyard with a pool in the center.
The House of Mohseni in Arak belongs to the Mr Mohsen Iraqi Soltanabadi and is related to the Qajar architecture period in the Street Mohseni and it is located in front the mosque of Haj Taqi Khan with registration number 24378 as a National Heritage of Iran.
The Mohseni House-oriented home into the courtyard in the middle of houses and buildings around it and has inner and outer areas. The house that is related to the Qajar era and during the Qajar era of decadence architecture, but it has features that are worth discussing.
During the Qajar period is generally where the toilets away from home and went to the kitchen in winter has caused problems.
In old houses, three windows combination were made so that direct sunlight does not penetrate into them but unfortunately as mentioned in the Qajar era almost ignored it and made this room so the sun is exactly enter in to the room. The windows like three and five combination, that can be seen on the west side of the house.
The big advantage, that can be seen from the house is private life with social life is nicely separated from each other and the elements it contains interior, exterior, roof, yard and garden, the hallway and vestibule are in the form of beauty according to a his architectural principles in place, and on the other hand these elements together just perfectly logical connection is maintained and dust into the hallway.
The porch is quite evident in this house also has an interesting variety of designs gardens and pool in the garden of pistachio and hazelnuts and figs and citrus fruits such as berries and there..........
According to current residents of the home who are survivors of Mr. Haji Aga Mohsen also near the main entrance of the house where the horses were kept and was used as stables.
The whereabouts of flour, bakery and kitchen were built next to each other to maintain their relationship.
The second floor of the house has been abandoned and according to home owners, this place is dedicated to classroom and academic events was found that due to the death of the late Mr. Haji Aga Mohsen has not been completed.
The house is very nice, although large parts of it were destroyed, still beautiful. With more than 30 rooms and several homesteads, more than 6,
which are located around the garden? The gates are each named of the wife's of Haji Aga Mohsen except the latter were called. A big multiple cellars,
very large bathroom at the end of the garden, the courtyard with stone steps connected to the main garden went,of way everyone had their own privacy.
The garden is home to more than 5,000 m2 with very high walls, made of straw make mud flow has been restricted, particularly in the area of the garden
is beautiful. Even hazelnut pistachio orchards of fruit trees, tall trees. Unfortunately, much of this is due to the non-irrigated gone.